• Get to Know Your Rubik's Cube

    How to Use this Guide

    • You will be learning the layered method to solve the Rubik’s® Cube. After you learn this method, you can add speed cubing moves when you are ready.

    • Throughout the guide you will see this symbol to indicate helpful tips. Take the time to read the tips closely.

      light-bulb
    • The gray areas on the Rubik’s Cube mean that at the stage you are working on, the color of the gray pieces doesn’t matter.

      detailed Rubik Cube icon

    Tips for Success

    • Mindset is critical - learning to solve the Rubik’s Cube is difficult but if you persevere, you CAN solve the Rubik’s Cube.

    • Keep the Rubik’s Cube on a table or use a mat like the one on www.YouCanDoTheCube.com to maintain the same front face for an entire algorithm (sequence of moves).

    • Think of the algorithms as moving a piece out of the way, setting up its correct position, and then moving the piece into that place.

    • Master one layer by re-scrambling your Rubik’s Cube and practicing multiple times before moving on to the next layer. (Note: When solving the last layer, you can scramble just the top by applying the algorithm on Solve the Final Layer , Step1, Action 1.

    • Learn songs and chants to help you memorize the algorithms.

    • Place a small sticky note on the piece of the Rubik’s Cube you are moving so you can follow its path. Consider taking a video while you do this and then watch the video.

    • Use this guide along with You Can Do the Rubik’s Cube’s corresponding resources such as videos, solving checklist, and teacher guides.

    GET TO KNOW YOUR RUBIK’S CUBE

    LAYERS

    There are three horizontal layers in a 3x3 Rubik’s Cube.

    Using this guide, you will solve the Rubik’s Cube layer by layer.

    Rubik's Cube top layer

    TOP
    LAYER

    Rubik's Cube middle layer

    MIDDLE
    LAYER

    Rubik's Cube bottom layer

    BOTTOM
    LAYER

    FACES

    Each flat surface is a face.

    There are 6 faces on a Rubik’s Cube.

    Cube's faces
    Palm on face
    arrow

    You can place your palm flat on a FACE.

    CENTERS

    Center pieces have one colored tile.

    There are 6 center pieces.

    Center pieces are single tiles, fixed to the internal core.

    When correctly solved, each face will be the color of its center piece.

    Cube's centers
    Centers in hand
    arrow

    You use one finger to touch a CENTER piece.

    These center piece colors are always opposite each other:

    Center piece colours

    white opposite yellow

    blue opposite green

    orange opposite red

    EDGES

    Edge pieces have two colored tiles.

    There are 12 edge pieces.

    Cube's edges
    Edges in hand
    arrow

    You use two fingers to pinch an EDGE piece.

    CORNERS

    Corner pieces have three colored tiles.

    There are 8 corner pieces.

    Cube's corners
    Corners in hand
    arrow

    You use two fingers to pinch an EDGE piece.

    GET TO KNOW YOUR RUBIK’S CUBE

    Face key

    Algorithm key

    Each face is represented by a letter.

    Moves used in this guide.

    U =
    UP FACE

    Up face
    Up face algorithm key

    U

    Up face algorithm key

    U'

    D =
    DOWN FACE

    Down face
    Down face algorithm key

    D

    Down face algorithm key

    D'

    MOTIONS

    Think of the movements of these objects when you turn the faces.

    opening bottle movement

    L =
    LEFT FACE

    Right face
    Left face algorithm key

    L

    Left face algorithm key

    L'

    R =
    RIGHT FACE

    Right face
    Right face algorithm key

    R

    Right face algorithm key

    R'

    MOTIONS

    Think of the movements of these objects when you turn the faces.

    turning wheel movement

    F =
    FRONT FACE

    Front face
    Front face algorithm key

    F

    Front face algorithm key

    F'

    B =
    BACK FACE

    Back face
    Back face algorithm key

    B

    Back face algorithm key

    B'

    MOTIONS

    Think of the movements of these objects when you turn the faces.

    turning door knob movement
    • Each move is a ¼ TURN.

    • An ALGORITHM is a sequence of moves that you need to do in a specific order.

    • When following the algorithms in this guide, it is important to maintain the FRONT face of your Rubik’s Cube so it stays the FRONT through all of the turns.

    • If there is a 2 next to the algorithm letter, turn the face twice.

      Down face algorithm key twice

      D2

      =
      Down face algorithm key

      D

      Down face algorithm key

      D

    • A turn is clockwise when looking at that face directly. A letter with an apostrophe (‘) after it means to make an inverse or counterclockwise turn of the face.

      Front face algorithm key

      F

      yellow background Clockwise
      Front face algorithm key

      F'

      yellow background Anticlockwise
    Rubik's Cube

    RUBIK’S CUBE
    SOLUTION GUIDE

    This 3x3 solution guide is divided into three stages as seen below.

    Now... let’s get
    solving!

  • TOP layer: Step 1 - Create Daisy

    SOLVE LAYER ONE

    STEP 1: CREATE A DAISY

    daisy cube

    Holding your rubik’s Cube

    Begin by holding your Rubik’s Cube with the YELLOW CENTER piece on the UP (U) face.

    cube center piece

    UP FACE

    Action 1

    Look at the top layer to locate the EDGE pieces that have a WHITE tile. Leave them where they are.

    See example to the right and notice that at this stage it is okay if the white tile is not touching the YELLOW CENTER piece.

    front face action 1

    Action 2

    Look at the middle layer. Move EDGE pieces that have a WHITE tile from the MIDDLE layer into the top layer.

    front face action 2 front face action 2
    light-bulb

    Be careful not to bump out the white edges already in the daisy.

    Rotate the UP (U) face to move a white edge out of the way before moving another white edge into the daisy.

    front face wrong action
    front face wrong action
    Up face algorithm key

    U'

    Then...

    front face wrong action
    Front face algorithm key

    F'

    Action 3

    Look at the bottom layer. Move EDGE pieces that have a WHITE tile from the BOTTOM layer into the top layer.

    Don’t forget the previous tip about bumping.

    front face action
    Front face algorithm key twice

    F2

    light-bulb

    Sometimes, when you place the edge in the top layer, the WHITE tile is not on the UP face and it needs to be “flipped”.

    front face action
    OR
    front face action
    OR
    front face action
    OR
    front face action

    Holding your Rubik’s Cube

    To “flip the edge,” so the White tile is on the UP face, hold your Rubik’s Cube so the edge that needs to be flipped is on the RIGHT (R) face.

    front face action

    Follow this algorithm.

    Right face algorithm key

    R'

    Up face algorithm key

    U

    Front face algorithm key

    F'

    When your Rubik’s Cube has a daisy that looks like this picture, you can move to Step 2!

    daisy cube
  • TOP layer: Step 2 - Make a WHITE Cross

    SOLVE LAYER ONE

    STEP 2: CREATE A white cross with matched edges and center pieces

    Holding your rubik’s cube

    Begin by holding your Rubik’s Cube with the daisy on the UP (U) face. Look at the FRONT face of the Rubik’s Cube.

    cube center piece

    UP FACE

    Action 1

    If the FRONT tile of the UP edge piece matches the CENTER tile color, go to Action 2 below.

    If not, turn the Up (U) face until it does.

    front face action 1
    Up face algorithm key

    U

    OR
    Up face algorithm key

    U'

    =
    front face action 1

    Action 2

    Turn the FRONT face two times (F2) so that the WHITE tile is now on the DOWN (D) face.

    Down face algorithm key twice

    F2

    front face action 2

    Action 3

    Repeat Action 1 & 2 for each WHITE edge.

    Action 4

    Once all 4 edges have been correctly placed, flip your Rubik’s Cube over to see the WHITE cross (with matching edge tiles on the RED, BLUE, ORANGE and GREEN faces).

    When your Rubik’s Cube has a white cross with the center and edge pieces matched, like this picture, you can move to Step 3!

    white cross cube
  • TOP layer: Step 3 - Solve WHITE Corners

    SOLVE LAYER ONE

    STEP 3: solve the white corners

    Holding your rubik’s cube

    Begin by holding your Rubik’s Cube with the white cross on the UP (U) face.

    cube center piece

    UP FACE

    Correct placement

    The correct placement of a corner piece is between center pieces with the same colors. Notice on the image how a red/ blue/white corner goes between the red, blue, and white center pieces.

    correct placement incorrect placement

    Action 1

    Locate a corner piece with a WHITE tile in the bottom layer.

    If your corner piece is in any of these positions then go to Action 2 below.

    If your corner piece is in the top layer but not in the correct location then see the tip below.

    light-bulb

    To get a corner with a white tile from the top layer to the bottom layer:

    • Right face algorithm key

      R'

    • Down face algorithm key

      D'

    • Right face algorithm key

      R

    Action 2

    Rotate the DOWN (D) face until the corner is between the two matching colored center tiles.

    See ‘Correct Placement’ note on previous page and images below.

    front face action 2
    Down face algorithm key

    D

    cube
    OR
    cube
    OR
    cube

    Action 3

    Keeping the white cross on the UP (U) face, hold your Rubik’s Cube so the WHITE tile is on the FRONT face.

    If the WHITE tile is on the bottom, see the tip below.

    front face action 3
    light-bulb

    To change a White tile from facing down to facing front:

    1. Hold your Rubik’s Cube with the corner on the RIGHT face.
    2. Follow this algorithm.

    Front face algorithm key

    F

    Down face algorithm key

    D'

    Front face algorithm key

    F'

    Down face algorithm key twice

    D2

    Action 4

    If the WHITE tile is on the LEFT

    front face action 4 front face action 4

    Follow the algorithm below.

    • Down face algorithm key

      D

    • Left face algorithm key

      L

    • Down face algorithm key

      D'

    • Left face algorithm key

      L'

    Notice: D moves the corner piece out of the way, L brings its corner position down, D’ moves it into place and then L’ brings it up to the top layer.

    OR

    Action 4

    If the WHITE tile is on the RIGHT

    front face action 4 front face action 4

    Follow the algorithm below.

    • Down face algorithm key

      D'

    • Right face algorithm key

      R'

    • Down face algorithm key

      D

    • Right face algorithm key

      R

    Notice: D’ moves the corner piece out of the way, R’ brings its corner position down, D moves it into place and then R brings it up to the top layer.

    Action 5

    Continue Actions 1-4 on the previous page until all white corner pieces are in the correct positions.

    When your Rubik’s Cube looks like the picture here, you have one-third solved and you can now learn to solve the middle layer!

    top layer solved

    Congratulations!

    You have now solved layer one!

    Click on 'Next Step' to solve the middle layer.

    top layer solved
  • MIDDLE layer: Place Edges in MIDDLE

    SOLVE THE MIDDLE LAYER

    Holding your rubik’s cube

    Flip your Rubik’s Cube over so the completed WHITE face is the DOWN face.

    cube

    UP FACE

    Action 1

    Choose a FRONT face. Rotate the UP (U) face to create a vertical line matching one of the pictures below.

    • cube
    • cube
    • cube
    • cube
    • cube
    • cube
    • cube
    • cube

    If you can’t match one of these pictures, pick another FRONT face until you can match one of the pictures.

    If you can’t make any vertical lines, see tip below.

    light-bulb

    If you can’t make a vertical line to match a picture below:

    • cube
    • cube
    • cube
    • cube
    • cube
    • cube
    • cube
    • cube

    If you can’t make a vertical line to match a picture above:

    You will need to swap an edge from the UP (U) face with an edge already in the middle layer.

    cube
    • Look in the MIDDLE layer to locate a mismatched edge that doesn’t have a yellow tile.

    • Hold your Rubik’s Cube so the mismatched edge in the middle layer is on the RIGHT face.

    • Follow the algorithm ‘Moving Right’ in Action 2.

    • Now proceed to Action 1 above.

    Action 2

    Moving Left

    If you’re moving the edge piece to the left, follow these moves:

    • cube
    • cube
    • cube
    • cube
    • Up face algorithm key

      U'

    • Left face algorithm key

      L'

    • Up face algorithm key

      U

    • Left face algorithm key

      L

    This algorithm places the edge piece next to its correct corner piece.

    arrow
    cube
    • Up face algorithm key

      U

    • Front face algorithm key

      F

    • Up face algorithm key

      U'

    • Front face algorithm key

      F'

    This algorithm brings the edge piece to the correct position in the middle layer.

    arrow
    cube
    OR

    Action 2

    Moving Right

    If you’re moving the edge piece to the right, follow these moves:

    • cube
    • cube
    • cube
    • cube
    • Up face algorithm key

      U

    • Right face algorithm key

      R

    • Up face algorithm key

      U'

    • Right face algorithm key

      R'

    This algorithm places the edge piece next to its correct corner piece.

    arrow
    cube
    • Up face algorithm key

      U'

    • Front face algorithm key

      F'

    • Up face algorithm key

      U

    • Front face algorithm key

      F

    This algorithm brings the edge piece to the correct position in the middle layer.

    arrow
    cube

    Action 3

    Continue Actions 1-2 on the previous page until all MIDDLE layer pieces are in the correct positions.

    When the two bottom layers of your Rubik’s Cube look like this picture, you can move to solving the third layer. You are two-thirds of the way done!

    top layer solved

    Congratulations!

    You have now solved the middle layer!

    Click on 'Next Step' to solve the final layer.

    cube solved
  • BOTTOM layer: Step 1 - Make YELLOW Cross

    SOLVE THE FINAL LAYER

    STEP 1: MAKE A YELLOW CROSS

    Holding your rubik’s cube

    Match your Rubik’s Cube to one of the pictures below. Focus on the YELLOW edges on the UP (U) face only (not corners).

    cube

    FRONT
    FACE

    standing person
    cube

    FRONT
    FACE

    lying person
    cube

    FRONT
    FACE

    sitting person

    Action 1

    Follow this algorithm.

    • Front face algorithm key

      F

    • Up face algorithm key

      U

    • Right face algorithm key

      R

    • Up face algorithm key

      U'

    • Right face algorithm key

      R'

    • Front face algorithm key

      F'

    light-bulb

    Remember this algorithm
    as FUR says U’R’F’.

    FUR-URF dog

    Notice the first three moves go clockwise and the next three moves go counter-clockwise.

    Action 2

    If the YELLOW Cross is not formed yet, REMATCH your Rubik’s Cube to one of the pictures in the ‘Holding your Rubik’s Cube’ section above and follow the algorithm again.

    When your Rubik’s Cube looks like this picture, move on to the next step!

    top layer solved
  • BOTTOM layer: Step 2 - Orient Corners

    SOLVE THE FINAL LAYER

    STEP 2: ORIENT THE CORNERS

    Holding your rubik’s Cube

    Hold your Rubik’s Cube so the UP (U) face matches one of the images in the table below.

    If one corner piece is YELLOW

    cube
    fish

    This saying may help:
    ’Feed the fish’
    Hold your Rubik’s Cube so the fish can eat out of your LEFT hand.

    If no corner pieces are YELLOW

    cube

    This saying may help:
    ’None - left’
    Hold your Rubik’s Cube with a YELLOW tile on the LEFT (L) face.

    If two corner pieces are YELLOW

    cube
    cube
    cube

    This saying may help: ‘I see two, my left thumb’s on you.’
    Hold your Rubik’s Cube so that you can put your left thumb on the tile on the FRONT (F) face.

    Action 1

    Follow this algorithm.

    • Right face algorithm key

      R

    • Up face algorithm key

      U

    • Right face algorithm key

      R'

    • Up face algorithm key

      U

    • Right face algorithm key

      R

    • Up face algorithm key twice

      U2

    • Right face algorithm key

      R'

    Notice the RIGHT (R) face turns in opposite directions every other time and the UP (U) face always turns clockwise.

    Action 2

    If you do not have all yellow tiles on the UP (U) face you will need to REMATCH and follow the algorithm. (You may need to do this multiple times.)

    When your Rubik’s Cube has all the YELLOW on the UP (U) face, like this picture, move to Step 3!

    top layer solved
  • BOTTOM layer: Step 3 - Place YELLOW Corners

    SOLVE THE FINAL LAYER

    STEP 3: POSITION THE YELLOW CORNERS

    Holding your rubik’s Cube

    Hold your Rubik’s Cube with the YELLOW on the UP (U) face.

    yellow face up cube

    UP FACE

    Action 1

    Twist the UP (U) face until two corners are in the correct location. You will know they are in the correct location if the colored tiles match the center colors.

    CORRECT
    CORNER
    EXAMPLE

    arrow
    correct corner example cube

    Action 2

    Hold your Rubik’s Cube so it matches one of the images here.

    Adjacent Corners (on the same face)

    • CUBE ONE

      cube one front face cube one back face
    • CUBE TWO

      cube two front face cube two back face
    • CUBE THREE

      cube three front face cube three back face
    • CUBE FOUR

      cube four front face cube four back face
    • Diagonal Corners

      • CUBE FIVE

        cube five front face cube five back face
      • CUBE SIX

        cube six front face cube six back faceube
    • light-bulb

      Think of correctly placed corners as tail lights.

      Tail lights are in the back of a car. Hold your Rubik’s Cube so the tail lights are on the BACK face before you start the algorithm.

    Action 3

    Follow the algorithm below.

    • Right face algorithm key

      R'

      R’un to me

    • Front face algorithm key

      F

      Fast

    • Right face algorithm key

      R'

      R’un to me

    • Back face algorithm key twice

      B2

      Back Back

    After this part of the algorithm, the top of your Rubik’s Cube will look like this:

    arrow
    cube
    • Right face algorithm key

      R

      Run away

    • Front face algorithm key

      F'

      F'ast

    • Right face algorithm key

      R'

      R’un to me

    • Back face algorithm key twice

      B2

      Back Back

    After this part of the algorithm, the top of your Rubik’s Cube will look like this:

    arrow
    cube
      • Right face algorithm key twice

        R2

        Run Run away

      • Up face algorithm key

        U'

        U’p

    • light-bulb

      CHANT

      The words underneath the turns are a chant to help you remember the algorithm.

    Action 4

    If your corners are not correct at this point, rematch your Rubik’s Cube to one of the images in Action 2 above and repeat the algorithm.

    When your Rubik’s Cube looks like this picture, move on to the final step!

    top layer solved

    Continue to step 4:

    Position the Yellow Edges on the following page

    middle layer solved
  • BOTTOM layer: Step 4 - Position YELLOW Edges

    SOLVE THE FINAL LAYER

    STEP 4: POSITION THE YELLOW EDGES

    Holding your rubik’s Cube

    Hold your Rubik’s Cube so the one face that is a solid color is the BACK, and the Yellow face is the UP (U) face.

    If no face is a solid color, it doesn’t matter which face is in the back.

    cube cube

    EXAMPLE

    Action 1

    Follow this algorithm up to 3 times to move the unsolved edges CLOCKWISE / TO THE LEFT.

    • Front face algorithm key twice

      F2

    • Up face algorithm key

      U

    • Left face algorithm key

      L

    • Right face algorithm key

      R'

    • Front face algorithm key twice

      F2

    • Left face algorithm key

      L'

    • Right face algorithm key

      R

    • Up face algorithm key

      U

    • Front face algorithm key twice

      F2

    If you restart the algorithm, make sure a solved face starts as the BACK face of the Rubik’s Cube.

    light-bulb

    Before starting the algorithm,

    look at the unsolved edge on the FRONT face. Is it the same color as the center tile of the:

    • LEFT face? Follow the algorithm above.

    • RIGHT face? Change the two U turns to U’.

      Up face algorithm key

      U'

    When your Rubik’s Cube looks like this picture, you have completed the final step!

    top layer solved
    cube solved

    Congratulations!

    You have solved the Rubik’s Cube!

    Rubik's Cube logo

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    Available at: RUBIKS.COM